Gun Range Etiquette 101

Implementing proper gun range etiquette is not just about practicing good manners — it’s also good sense!

Using a gun comes with a lot of responsibility. In addition to common sense and safety, it is essential to practice proper etiquette at the gun range. Most ranges require their guests to attend a safety class or watch a video reviewing rules and proper etiquette. This ensures the shooters read and understand the NRA Gun Safety Rules and the rules and expectations enforced at the range you’re using. 

Continue reading to learn more about gun range etiquette below.

Basic Gun Range Etiquette

Regardless of where you are shooting, there are three rules you should always abide by:

    1. Always point the gun in a safe direction.
    2. Always keep your finger off of the trigger until you are ready to shoot.


  • Always keep your gun free of ammo until you are ready to use it.


A sure way to get kicked out of (and potentially permanently banned from) the range is to break any of these rules.

More Gun Range Etiquette You Should Know

Follow the Words of the Range Safety Officer — Most ranges have a Range Safety Officer (RSO) who has complete authority on the range. They are responsible for supervising shooters, enforcing the range’s rules and regulations, and handling any issues that may arise. Always follow what the RSO says, and complete compliance with their instructions is mandatory and essential for the safety of you and others.

Know Basic Terminology — Two common terms you’ll hear on the range are ceasefire and commence firing. Familiarize yourself with these terms. Ceasefire means to stop shooting, and commence firing means you can begin shooting. While the RSO is typically the one using these words, anyone who sees a potential problem should call “ceasefire!”

Know What to Do During a Ceasefire — You should not handle your firearm during a ceasefire. Here are several key things to remember:

  1. Empty your chamber and remove your magazine. 
  2. Action is open.
  3. Hands are off your weapon.
  4. And step away from the firing line.

Do Not Shoot Posts, Frames, or Supports — These pieces of equipment are expensive and take lots of time to replace.

Only Use Range-Approved Targets — Touch base with your range to learn what types of target they allow. Some places only allow approved cardboard, paper, or clay, or metal targets.

Leave it Better Than You Found It — Like all places you visit, you should practice good manners and always leave the range in better shape than you found it. Clean your firing station, pick up trash, and obey all the range rules. 

Safety Must Be Your #1 Priority — Safety is your responsibility. You are responsible for your own safety, others’ safety, and the behavior of the guests you bring along to the range. Always follow the rules. If you see that others are not following the rules, leave and find a safe place and report them to the authorities. 

Practice Proper Gun Range Etiquette at SUB M.O.A. Firearms

A few hours spent at the range is fun, and proper gun range etiquette only makes it better!

For a truly amazing shooting experience, check out SUB M.O.A., the Mountain West’s most prestigious long-range shooting institute. We offer individualized courses for shooters of all skill levels. Our institute includes lodging at a 5-star quality guest ranch sitting on more than a hundred square miles of pristine mountain property. You will enjoy more than 8,000 square feet of furnished living space and chef-prepared meals. Contact SUB M.O.A. Firearms to learn more. We are located in Henefer, Utah.

Cerakote™ Coating: Is It Durable?

As a gun owner, you know that firearms are subject to corrosion and wear with use, but Cerakote™ Coating is the solution to protecting your valuables.

Cerakote™ Coating is known for being highly durable, providing maximum hardness, making your firearm easier to clean, preventing corrosion, and more. Continue reading to learn more about this protective coating and how your guns could benefit from it.

What Is Cerakote Coating?

Cerakote™ is a ceramic-based finish that can be applied to metals, plastics, polymers, wood, and is most commonly used as a type of gun sealant. This exclusive product enhances several physical performance properties including impact strength, corrosion resistance, abrasion/wear resistance, chemical resistance, and hardness.

How Is Cerakote Coating Applied?

Cerakote™ Coating is very effective but needs to be applied carefully and with much attention to detail. Only someone who is suitably trained should perform the application; otherwise, you risk damaging your firearm. The proper steps and guidelines include:

  1. Full disassembly of the firearm is required to ensure that the coating works properly. Field stripping alone will not suffice.
  2. After disassembly, all components are fully degreased with a sandblast to ensure that any grease is gone. Any oil left on the firearm can ruin the coating.
  3. The Cerakote finish is applied carefully by someone who is professionally trained. If too much or too little is applied to the firearm, it will not function properly.
  4. Once the coating has been applied, the components are oven-cured. All metal parts are cured at 250 degrees, while the rest are cured at 180 degrees.

Advantages of Cerakoteto Other Coatings

Cerakote™ has many advantages over other coatings that can be applied to firearms. First, it acts as a lubricant. Many gun owners share that they need to use far less lubrication than before. Plus, less dust and dirt are attracted to Cerakote™, so you know your firearm is always operating at maximum capacity.

Cerakote™ also prevents oxidation and corrosion. If you are in a moist environment or in a position where you might be sweating a lot, corrosion and oxidation are inevitable. Cerakote™ will make a night and day difference in protecting against these elements.       

Disadvantages of Cerakote Coating

There are very few disadvantages to Cerakote™ and none of them have to do with the quality of the product. As mentioned previously, Cerakote™ Coating is exceedingly difficult to apply correctly. If you skip the professional route and attempt to apply it on your own, it could get into the firing pin and permanently damage your firearm.

Another disadvantage is that applying Cerakote™ requires a complete and total disassemble of the firearm. After it is disassembled, thorough sandblasting is also needed so the coating will stick. The process can be quite extensive, which is why we always recommend utilizing a certified applicator to get the job done right.

Choose SUB M.O.A. Firearms for Cerakote™ Coating Applications

Your guns deserve to last a lifetime, so visit SUB M.O.A. Firearms for a Cerakote™ Coating application that exceeds industry standards. Our certified applicator, Justin Richins, has years of experience, passion, and skill to ensure that your firearm is in pristine working condition.

We are located in Henefer, Utah, and serve the surrounding areas including Park City, Heber, Salt Lake City, Centerville, Ogden, and more! Reach out today with any questions you might have.

The Do’s and Don’ts of Firearm Safety

Whether you’re at home, a shooting range, or on a hunting trip, it’s essential to know the rules of firearm safety before handling a gun.

Even if you have been using firearms for years, you’re never too experienced to ignore safety. According to The National Safety Council, gun-related deaths from preventable causes totaled almost 40,000 in 2019 alone. To keep yourself and others safe from unfortunate accidents, adhere to the following tips:

DON’T Keep Your Firearm Loaded When Not in Use

As a gun owner, it’s your responsibility to prevent children or others from gaining access to a loaded firearm. To prevent accidents, your firearms should always be unloaded when they’re not being used. Only load them when you are on the target range area or in the field ready to shoot. As soon as you’re finished, unload it well before you bring it anywhere else. In addition, we recommend storing your guns and ammunition in separate, secured places.

DO Store Your Firearms in a Gun Safe

To safely secure your firearm, store it in a safe with a keyed or combination lock. If it has keys, make sure they are out of reach of children or unauthorized adults. Remember to keep the ammunition in a separate container as well.

DON’T Point at Something You Don’t Intend to Shoot

Even if you’re certain that your gun is unloaded, you should never aim it at something you don’t intend to shoot; this is one of the most imperative rules surrounding firearm safety. Even if you’re a very experienced gun handler, this is a good practice to live by to safeguard yourself and others against deadly accidents.

DO Use Correct Ammunition

Ammunition is not a “one size fits all” situation, so take extra caution when selecting the ammo for your gun. Heed all warnings and be absolutely certain that the ammunition you’re using matches the specifications of your firearm. Using incorrect ammunition could cause serious injuries or damage your gun for good.

DON’T Rely on the Gun’s “Safety”

The “safety” is an essential component of all firearms, but you shouldn’t exclusively rely on it to keep it from firing. Instead, treat every gun as though it might fire at any time. Keep the safety in the on position until you are completely ready to fire.

DO Have Your Firearms Serviced Regularly

Just as your car isn’t designed to last forever, firearms are mechanical devices that are subject to wear. To ensure that your gun is always safe to use, you should have it regularly inspected and serviced by a trustworthy gunsmith. Firearms should be cleaned and oiled after every use as well.

SUB M.O.A. Firearms Is Here for You

Now that you know the essentials of firearm safety, visit the experts at SUB M.O.A. Firearms for custom rifles, ammunition, servicing, inspections, and more. We are located in Henefer, Utah, and are proud to service clients from the surrounding counties and cities such as Park City, Salt Lake City, Ogden, Morgan, and more. Contact us today with any questions or requests.

Gunsmithing 101: All Your Questions Answered

As a gun owner, you’ve probably taken your firearm to a gunsmith for repairs, but there is so much more to gunsmithing than meets the eye.

Gunsmiths are known for their vast knowledge and experience with gun design and mechanics. This is a useful and exciting trade that can easily turn into a lucrative career. Whether you’re interested in becoming a gunsmith or want to learn more about caring for your firearms, keep reading to have all of your gunsmithing questions answered.

What Is Gunsmithing?

A gunsmith is a highly skilled person who is trained in cleaning, repairing, maintaining, and improving firearms. In addition, there is also an artistic side to gunsmithing. Any engravings, finishes, or other visual alterations made are produced by a gunsmith. These are very precise tasks that take a lot of practice to master. Along with vast knowledge and skills, gunsmithing requires discipline, a good eye, and a steady hand.

Skills of a Gunsmith

There are numerous skills that a gunsmith needs to be successful at their trade. Customer service, problem-solving, metalworking, woodworking, chemistry, and mathematics are just some of the necessary skills. These professionals meet with clients, figure out what they would like, and then review the process surrounding their request. After the meeting with the customer, the gunsmith will develop the plans and designs, and ultimately create the final product.

How to Become a Gunsmith

There are many people who might call themselves “gunsmiths,” but not all gunsmiths are created equal. Much education and training are required to perfect the trade. If you’re looking to become a gunsmith, there are many colleges and trade schools that provide thorough training. These courses will help even the most inexperienced person lay the foundation of a successful gunsmithing career. These courses focus on subjects such as:

  • Firearm safety
  • The history of firearms
  • Firearm manufacturers and the similarities and differences of each one
  • How to disassemble a firearm and reassemble it correctly
  • Custom alterations and accessorizing
  • The chemistry involved in firearm repair
  • Ballistics
  • Troubleshooting common problems and how to fix them

If formal schooling isn’t a viable option, there are apprenticeships that you can apply for as well. If you’re looking to go this route, you will need to complete a number of training hours before being deemed a professional gunsmith.

Common Responsibilities of a Gunsmith

Gunsmiths have many important duties and responsibilities, such as:

  • Examine, clean, and lubricate firearms
  • Remove corrosion from metal parts
  • Repair any damages to the firearm
  • Add custom or aftermarket parts such as swivels, recoil pads, sights, scopes, grips, and stocks
  • Fix or refinish wooden handles, grips, and stocks
  • Restore any engravings or other markings
  • Remove any dents
  • Fit barrels
  • Determine the correct headspace of guns and cartridges
  • Assemble and disassemble firearms
  • Replace barrels and firing mechanisms
  • Modify pull weights and other trigger mechanisms

Visit SUB M.O.A. Firearms for All Your Firearm Needs

If you’d like help designing a firearm or need one repaired, the gunsmithing specialist at SUB M.O.A. Firearms, Justin Richins, is here for you. We understand that your firearm is an investment that deserves specialty care. We are proud to provide the experience, passion, and craftsmanship for all of your gun needs.

We are located in Henefer, Utah, and serve the surrounding counties and cities such as Salt Lake City, Coalville, Park City, Farmington, Ogden, Centerville, and more! Contact us today with any questions or requests you might have.

Benefits of Going to a Shooting Institute

Whether you’re an advanced shooter or a beginner, everyone can benefit from attending a long-range shooting institute to refine their skills.

Hitting a target on a shooting range or while hunting takes great skill and practice. Attending a shooting school will help you glean these abilities in a safe and controlled environment so that you can fully enjoy your rifle. Continue reading to learn more about what these institutes have to offer.

What Is Long-Range Shooting?

Long-range shooting is a collective term for any target that’s far enough away that you must make major adjustments to your zero. These adjustments are usually necessary due to gravity drop and wind deflection. For example, if your firearm is zeroed at 100 yards, but your target is 800 yards away, you have many feet of elevation to account for. Long-range shooting takes years of practice to master and requires a keen eye and attention to detail. For these reasons, we recommend attending a shooting institute to practice these techniques in a safe setting.

A Shooting Institute Promotes Firearm Safety

If you have little experience handling a firearm, you might think that the technique is pretty straightforward; however, much practice is necessary to ensure that you can hit targets accurately and safely. Many situations affect a bullet’s trajectory, including atmosphere, elevation, barometer, temperature, and wind, so attending a shooting institute will teach you how to safely account for these conditions. This training will help you avoid accidents and have a more successful day on the shooting range.

Shooting Institutes Improve Accuracy

Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced shooter, long-range shooting schools will help you improve your accuracy. Participants are paired up with a partner in spotter/shooter combinations and then taught to rule out as many variables as possible that might affect accuracy. In this low-pressure setting, you can take the necessary time to learn how various shooting conditions affect shot placement at long ranges. Once you complete the course, you’ll be able to make more accurate shots from various positions and under diverse conditions.

Shooting Institutes Will Help You Become More Familiar with Your Rifle

Not all guns are created equal, so understanding your specific firearm is essential for precise and safe shooting. These courses take the time to educate you about your rifle’s various components. You will also learn about the other gear that is specific to long-range shooting, including optics and ammunition.

Choose SUB M.O.A. Firearms Shooting Institute

If you’d like to refine your long-range shooting skills, SUB M.O.A. Firearms is proud to offer the most prestigious shooting institute in the Mountain West. Our instructor, Justin Richins, has the training, experience, and skills to fully explain and demonstrate the science of long-range shooting. We ensure that those completing his courses will be able to meet their goals of making accurate shots from a variety of positions and under fluctuating conditions.

To learn more about our impressive shooting course, contact us today! We are located in Henefer, Utah, and serve the surrounding counties and cities, including Coalville, Salt Lake City, Layton, Ogden, and more.